Recovery and Mitigation
A disaster or emergency will occur which overwhelms the capabilities of local government to effectively recover. In order for local government to provide a timely and effective recovery effort, assistance from the State may become necessary. This will require short-term and long-term planning which allows for a smooth, efficient and coordinated recovery effort for any size disaster up to and including a federally declared disaster.
Recovery activities are those necessary to restore services and systems to a state of normalcy. Recovery actions include damage assessment and those necessary to return health and safety systems (e.g., water) and services (e.g., acute health care) to minimum operating standards. Various recovery activities are likely to be long-term and may continue for many years.
Hazard mitigation is the effort to reduce loss of life and property by lessening the impact of disasters. It is most effective when implemented under a comprehensive, long-term mitigation plan. State, tribal, and local governments engage in hazard mitigation planning to identify risks and vulnerabilities associated with natural disasters, and develop long-term strategies for protecting people and property from future hazard events. Mitigation plans are key to breaking the cycle of disaster damage, reconstruction, and repeated damage.
Damage Assessment Independent Study Materials